TITLE OF THE PROJECT
GENDER PAY GAP IN THE WESTERN BALKAN COUNTRIES: Evidence from Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia
The project is supported by the Regional Research Promotion Program (RRPP), coordinated and operated by the Interfaculty Institute for Central and Eastern Europe (IICEE) at the University of Fribourg (Switzerland). RRPP aims at fostering and promoting social science research in the Western Balkans and is fully funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Federal Department of Foreign Affairs.
The project will be jointly implemented with the Foundation for the Advancement of Economics (FREN), the leading partner from Serbia, and will be financially supported for duration of 12 months (February 2012- January 2013).
This research examines the incidence and determinants of the gender earnings gap in a sample of Western Balkan Countries (Serbia, Montenegro, and Macedonia). The motivation for this study comes from an inadequate labour market position of women in the Western Balkan and the necessity to voice the importance of gender equality in the economic arena. The gender pay gap will be examined taking into account indicators such as: level of education; occupation status; part and full time work; industry of work; comparing employees, managers and self-employed (entrepreneurs); private and public sector; comparing periods of pre/after process of privatisation (pre vs. post year 2001); and zooming into marginalized social groups. We expect to find large imbalances between earnings of men and women when compared across different industries, levels of management, sectors, etc., controlling for socio-economic characteristics.
The research will involve appending/merging appropriate waves and variables of the Labour Force Surveys (LFS) of the three analysed countries and depending of the necessity, additional data will be collected through appropriate survey design. Further, relevant statistic, econometric analysis and Oaxaca decomposition (Oaxaca, 1973) will be performed in order to answer the proposed research questions, and on the base of the findings, policy recommendation will be formulated.
The findings will be promoted through website, international conferences, and workshops organised in the participating countries, aimed at creating a platform for debate with the regional key stake-holders in labour market policy making.