Site Map   | Research   | Mobile   | Contact us   |
Choose language: EN | MK

CV and Cover Letter

Recommendations for a successful CV: CV presentation link
Click here for CV Examples and click here for CV Instructions

Curriculum Vitae (CV) represents the most important document in searching for a job. The next stage, the employment interview, may not occur if the CV is not well prepared and persuasive.
Why it is important: For employers, the CV allows for pre-selection of candidates because it lists key information on professional experience and gives, to a varying degree, an insight into the applicant’s personality and professional objectives. 

There is one mandatory rule for both the cover letter and CV – An applicant should never make up information. Some applicants are tempted to embellish the past to get a desired job. However, employers are increasingly sophisticated in checking applicant backgrounds.

Types of CVs:

The chronologic CV covers work experience and other important life events and accomplishments along a time line. This can show the earliest item first, or start with the current or most recent work activity. Some employers prefer this type of CV because it is easy to read, and it presents the candidate’s employment history and other data in a precise, orderly format. 
The functional CV is used to emphasize talents, qualifications, and experience in a conceptual rather than chronological format. This lets the applicant emphasize skills and abilities correlated with accomplishments, something not readily apparent in the chronological CV. 
The mixed-format CV is a common hybrid format, listing abilities and qualifications while also documenting previous workplaces in chronological order. This model allows the applicant to obscure gaps between jobs.  

Every CV, no matter how it is formatted, must include basic information regarding work and education history. 

Recommendations for a successful CV:

o Take time to design your CV. Any hiring manager can spot a hastily prepared CV, and it will make an instant bad impression.
o Be concise. Present your information in simple terms and short phrases. A CV should not be more than two pages. Do not cite too many personal interests, such as “reading" and “music". 
o Create at least two different CV’s. Write a concise one and a more elaborate. In addition, you can try different styles – a classic CV and a creative one (special paper, special fonts, a photo, etc.).
o Make sure that the document is flawless. Use high-quality white paper and the best printing method available. A mistake of any kind will ruin your CV. Read it several times before sending it. Ask some friends you trust to read it carefully, not only to look for errors but also to assess the impression your CV will make.
o Use references. They can be in the CV itself or listed on a separate sheet of paper. Make sure contact information is accurate and up to date. In addition, you must ask your references for permission to use their names before you list them in your CV. You should also alert them if they might be contacted soon by a prospective employer.
o Photos and business cards are not attached to a CV unless explicitly required. 
o Pay special attention to how personal and professional objectives are described. Beware of exaggeration or generalization. The professional objective should convince the employer that the job matches your goals. 
o Include a list of skills that fit the job you want. You should neither downplay your skills nor exaggerate them. Be ready to be challenged in an interview to justify every skill you cite. (List of Organizational and Social Skills)
o Pay attention to how you send your CV.  A printed CV on a high quality paper sent by regular mail is commonly accepted.  If convenient, you can deliver it in person, so long as you know exactly where to leave it. If sending the CV by email, be sure to send it from the same email account as the address shown on the CV.

CV Do’s and Don’ts


Do design your descriptions to focus on your accomplishments, using action verbs to clearly indicate the skills you’ve used 
Do try quantifying results in your descriptions, such as "Created marketing campaign that increased club membership by 25%" 
Do keep your CV brief enough to fit on one page (or two pages if your experience is extensive) 
Do print your CV on good quality bond paper, either white or conservative tones 
Do accompany your CV with a cover letter whenever possible 
Do, if you are a freshman or sophomore, include high school experiences 
Do have others look over your CV for content and grammar
Be consistent in format and content 
Make it easy to read and follow
Use spacing, underlining, italics, bold, and capitalization for emphasis 
List headings (such as Related Experience) in order of importance
Within headings, list information in reverse chronological order
Avoid information gaps like a missing summer 


Don’t make your margins and font size too small
Don’t include personal pronouns (e.g. I, me, we)
Don’t include personal information, physical characteristics, or photographs on your CV
Don’t, if you are a 3rd year 4th year/ or graduate student, include high school experiences unless they have some relevance to your job objective
Use personal pronouns 
Number or letter categories 
Use slang or colloquialisms 
Include a picture 

Top 5 CV Mistakes:

1. Spelling and grammar errors 
2. Missing email and phone information 
3. Using passive language and not using “action” words  
4. Not well organized, concise, and easy to skim 
5. Too long , exceeding two pages


Cover Letter Examples

The cover letter can be as important as the CV. It explains the applicant’s interest in the job and motivation for applying. It summarizes professional qualifications as well as the personal skills related to the job, without echoing the CV. Although components of a letter can be prepared ahead of time, the actual letter should always be written to suit the specific job/internship opportunity. Form letters are easily noticed and give a bad impression.

The cover letter complements the CV, covers at most two thirds of the page, is perfectly written and composed and is signed.

Cover letter Guide Lines

The cover letter should help the employer to understand why the applicant is interested in that particular job and what personal qualities support the applicant’s candidacy. The content should cover the following elements:

Introduction. If answering a specific advertisement or notice, mention it. If writing to a company to inquire about possible vacancies, specify the employment goal and reason for writing to that organization.
Description. This briefly says who the writer is, what that person can do and why the person would be a good employee for this organization.
Motivation. This explains an interest in a particular job.
Close. This gives the reader contact information for the applicant and specifies when the applicant would be available for an interview.

The letter should be addressed to an individual, listing title and company. It should start “Dear Mr./Ms. (name)”, not an impersonal “Hello” or “To the hiring manager”. The signature should follow a traditional, business-like close (Yours truly, Sincerely, etc.), be in blue or black ink, followed by the writer’s typed name. If the letter has no printed letterhead, contact information can be added after the typed name, even though it will also be on the CV.

Cover Letter Advice:

Tailor the cover letter to the specific employment opportunity. An employer will notice anything that shows a special interest in a job or a special knowledge of the organization.
The cover letter should be concise. The writer’s challenge is to say everything he/she must say and wishes to say in just a few paragraphs.
The writer should emphasize positive aspects of professional experience and achievements without bragging. Also, the letter usually omits any negative events in the writer’s life or career. If important, those issues will come out later, usually during the interview.
The cover letter (and CV) should not mention salary. That is a matter best left for the interview. The writer is concentrating on reasons to be hired while avoiding reasons to eliminate the writer from consideration.
The letter’s appearance should match the CV, with the same font and same paper. If a creative CV is offered, the letter should still be in a traditional style.

There is one mandatory rule for both the cover letter and CV – An applicant should never make up information. Some applicants are tempted to embellish the past to get a desired job. However, employers are increasingly sophisticated in checking applicant backgrounds.


Doctor Honoris Causa



University American College Skopje
Blvd. Treta makedonska brigada no.60
Skopje 1000, Macedonia

Phone/Fax: +389 2 246 3156